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Incredible Facts about India

There are a number of interesting facts that are associated with India. Some of the events are associated with the country's historical past. It is interesting to know that India pioneered in a number of things. India has also been a witness to many interesting events that took place at different ages. Some of the interesting facts and trivia are discussed here:

1. Takshila – the first university

Education was also encouraged from the ancient days. Takshila – the first university of the world was set up in India in about 700 B.C. The University of Nalanda was also established in India during 4th Century in India. More than 10,000 students studied over 60 subjects from all over the world.

2. Science and Mathematics

India progressed to a great extent in science and mathematics. The study of Calculus, Algebra and Trigonometry originated in India. In 11th Century Sridharacharya used Quadratic Equations.

The Decimal System and the Place Value System developed in India in about 100 B.C. The Indian mathematician Budhayana first calculated the value of 'Pi'. He also explained the concept of the Pythagorean Theorem.

3. Bhaskaracharya

Bhaskaracharya of India calculated the approximate time that earth takes on its orbit to complete one revolution round the sun. The art of navigation developed in India about 6000 years ago in river Sindh.

4. Medical science

In the ancient age India also progressed in medical science. Charaka, the Father of Medicine experimented with Ayurveda about 2500 years ago in India. The use of anesthesia was known in the ancient period. Sushruta of India is regarded as Father of Surgery. About 2600 years ago, he with his team conducted some complex surgeries. Meditation and Yoga originated in India.

5. Peace

It is interesting to know that in the last 10,000 years, India never invaded any country. The name of the country “India” has derived from the Indus river.

6. Civilization

When many cultures were only nomadic over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley known as Indus Valley Civilization.

7. Sports

India also advanced in sport activities. The game of chess was invented in India.

The game of Snakes and Ladder was conceptualized by Gyandev in 13th Century B.C. In later centuries the game underwent a number of changes. The cricket ground located in Chail, Himachal Pradesh is the highest cricket ground in the world. It was constructed in 1893.

8. Baily Bridge

The Baily Bridge constructed in the Ladakh Valley is the highest bridge in the world. The Vishnu Temple built in Tirupathi is considered to be the largest destination in the world for pilgrimage. And it is really interesting to know that India has the largest number of post offices in the world.

9. Martial Arts

Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.

Martial Arts was first created in India, and later spread to China in Shaolin Temple. The first Guru to teach Shaolin Kung Fu "BuddhaDharma" (Damo in Chinese) travelled China where he taught Buddhism and Martial Arts (yoga techniques) which today is known as Qi Gong and Shaolin Kung Fu (Shaolin Wu-Shu).

10. Shelter

India provides safety for more than 300,000 refugees originally from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped to flee religious and political persecution.

11. India

In today's world India is seen as a developing country, struggling with poverty and development, India was the richest country on earth before the invasion of Britain in 17th century.

12. Quotes on India

Albert Einstein
"We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made!"

French scholar Romaine Rolland
"If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India!"

Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA
"India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border!"

Keith Bellows, VP - National Geographic Society
"There are some parts of the world that, once visited, get into your heart and won’t go. For me, India is such a place. When I first visited, I was stunned by the richness of the land, by its lush beauty and exotic architecture, by its ability to overload the senses with the pure, concentrated intensity of its colors, smells, tastes, and sounds... I had been seeing the world in black & white and, when brought face-to-face with India, experienced everything re-rendered in brilliant technicolor."

Mark Twain
"India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most astrictive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!"
"So far as I am able to judge, nothing has been left undone, either by man or nature, to make India the most extraordinary country that the sun visits on his rounds. Nothing seems to have been forgotten, nothing overlooked."

Max Mueller, German scholar
"If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life, and has found solutions, I should point to India"

Sylvia Levi
"She (India) has left indelible imprints on one fourth of the human race in the course of a long succession of centuries. She has the right to reclaim ... her place amongst the great nations summarizing and symbolizing the spirit of humanity. From Persia to the Chinese sea, from the icy regions of Siberia to Islands of Java and Borneo, India has propagated her beliefs, her tales, and her civilization!"

Will Durant
"India was the mother of our race and Sanskrit the mother of Europe's languages. She was the mother of our philosophy, mother through the Arabs, of much of our mathematics, mother through Buddha, of the ideals embodied in Christianity, mother through village communities of self-government and democracy. Mother India is in many ways the mother of us all."