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Profile

  • Full Name: Republic of India
  • Population: 1.2 billion (UN, 2008)
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Most-populated city: Mumbai (Bombay)
  • Area: 3.1 million sq km (1.2 million sq miles), excluding Indian-administered Kashmir (100,569 sq km/38,830 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Hindi, English and at least 16 other official languages
  • Major religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism
  • Life expectancy: 63 years (men), 66 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 Indian Rupee = 100 paise
  • Main exports: Agricultural products, textile goods, gems and jewellery, software services and technology, engineering goods, chemicals, leather products
  • GNI per capita: US $950 (World Bank, 2007)
  • Internet domain: .in
  • International dialling code: +91